Whale migration can cover incredibly
Like migration in
any other animals, it is a riskfull and energy-costly
any animals to migrate, particularly in long distances, the
benefits have to overweigh the risks and the costs of energy.
birds for example migrate to higher latitudes for summer months since
the insect concentrations are worth it, many whales migrate to warmer
waters during winter months to mate and give birth to their young in
warmer waters. During the summer, they migrate to cool waters towards
the poles where there is lots of krill to eat.
migrate thousands of kilometres every year between their summer feeding
grounds in higher latitudes, and their winter breeding grounds closer
to the equator in warmer waters. When they migrate, they don't eat
for months. Older whales migrate first while younger whales follow
behind them. In warm waters, they mate, and pregnant females give
birth, before they start the
journey to colder waters again. In the cold waters of Arctic or
Antarctic, they feed on krill which is plentiful during summer months.
There are two
populations of Gray
Whales, both in the Northern Hemisphere. The smaller - the
western Pacific population travels from Kamtchatka Peninsula in
Russia's far east to warm waters south of Korea and Japan
during the winter months to mate and give birth to the young. The
larger - the Eastern Pacific population travels about 10,000 km from
Alaska to Mexico which is believed to be the longest yearly migration
route in all mammals. Pregnant whales arrive first, give birth and
latest, once the calves are ready for the journey.
just like Blue Whales, are found in both hemispheres. They, too,
migrate long distances between their winter feeding grounds in higher
latitudes, and summer breeding grounds in warmer waters closer to the
equator. They travel quite slowly, and stop off in places along the
road to rest and socialise. Older juveniles tend to travel first, then
mature males and finally females with calves. Humpbacks are famous for
their whale song while
migrating, although other whales, e.g. some Blue Whales do sing too.
Poster by AllPosters.
Click on thumbnail to buy
dolphins migrate? Many species of dolphins move seasonally
abundant food and better water temperatures. This, however, is not
migration, as migration by definition means annual movements between
the same places in each end. Dolphin's movements are more nomadic than
migratory, they don't move back and forwards between the same places.
And unlike baleen
don't move for the purpose of
breeding, and they don't move anywhere near as long
distances as do the baleen whales.