Different Kinds of Whales


There are many different kinds of whales.


The world's 70 species of whales are mainly divided into two groups deriving from their food and eating
habits, and consequently, their anatomy



Baleen Whale Species - Mysticeti

"Right Whale Rises to the Water's
Surface Exposing its Baleen"

Right Whale Rises to the Water's Surface Exposing its Baleen
Poster by AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

The first group is Baleen Whales - named after the massive baleen that they have in their mouths. It helps them filter their food from the water. Baleen whales are typically very large animals, much larger than the next group below. Blue whale - the largest animal that has ever lived on the Earth, belongs to baleen whales. Others include Right Whales, Gray Whales, and Humpback Whales.

Toothed Whale Species - Odontoceti

"Killer Whale, Orcinus, Orca Portrait"
Killer Whale, Orcinus Orca Portrait
Poster by AllPosters. Click on
thumbnail to buy

Toothed Whales are active hunters and meat eaters. They get their food by chasing and catching fish and larger animals like seals and sea lions. Being active hunters, they need to move fast and their bodies are therefore much smaller than the filter feeders above.

The whales in this group are commonly known as dolphins, even though some of them, such as killer whales, still bear the common name "whale". Different groups of toothed whales include oceanic dolphins, river dolphins and porpoises.





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